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Cervical cancer starts in the cervix; the cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. The cervix connects the vagina to the upper part of the uterus. 
What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer may not have signs and symptoms at the early stage. Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina which is not normal, such as bleeding after sex. To rule out the possibility of Cervical Cancer; it is advisable to consult with a doctor if these signs are seen.
What are the causes for Cervical Cancer?
Almost all cervical cancers are caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can be passed from one person to another during sex. There are many types of HPV. Some HPV types can cause changes on a woman’s cervix that can lead to cervical cancer over time, while other types can cause genital or skin warts.
What are other causes for Cervical Cancer?
  • Smoking.                                                                                
  • Using birth control pills for a long time (five or more years).
  • Having given birth to three or more children.
  • Having several sexual partners.
How to reduce the chances of Cervical Cancer:
Cervical cancer is mostly caused by the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Screening tests like Pap smear and Pap smear with HPV test are always helpful for early detection of Cervical Cancer. The Pap smear test is recommended for women between ages 21 – 65 years. Vaccines are available to protect against the types of HPV. Boys and girls should get all three doses of HPV vaccine when they are 11 or 12 years old. Cervical cancer can be cured if detected in  early stage and treated with appropriate follow-up care.
How is Cervical Cancer treated?
Cervical cancer treatment is given by a Gynecologic oncologist—a doctor who has been trained to treat cancers of a woman’s reproductive system. Cervical cancer is treated in several ways. It depends on the kind of cervical cancer and how far it has spread. Treatments include- Surgery,  Chemotherapy and Radiation.

DR. ANJANA PHUKAN MEMORIAL FOUNDATION has started “ASMI – A programme on Cancer”. It is a programme dedicated for cancers in women - breast, uterine cervix. This programme is headed by eminent oncologist Dr. TapanSaikia.. Read More  »

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